1 The retractions came only months after BioMed Central.

Charlotte J. Haug, M.D pharmacies-en-france.com ., Ph.D.1 The retractions came only months after BioMed Central, an open-access publisher owned by Springer, retracted 43 articles for the same reason. How is it possible to fake peer review? Moon, who studies medicinal plant life, had set up a straightforward process. He gave journals recommendations for peer reviewers for his manuscripts, providing them with names and e-mail addresses. But these addresses had been ones he created, therefore the requests to review went right to him or his co-workers. The fallout from Moon’s confession: 28 content articles in various journals published by Informa were retracted, and one editor resigned.

To estimate contamination in the usual-treatment group through the screening phase , we identified the proportion of individuals at study years 5 and 6 who reported having undergone routine endoscopic screening in the previous 5 years. Contamination by colonoscopy in the intervention group through the screening stage was defined as routine colonoscopy in individuals without a positive versatile sigmoidoscopic examination and was estimated from reviews on colonoscopy in a subgroup of 1392 participants in the intervention group.19,20 To estimate usage of colonoscopy after the screening phase, we motivated the proportion of participants in each group in study years 11 through 13 who reported having undergone routine colonoscopic testing in the last 5 years.